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Intellectual Property and the U.S. Economy: 2016 Update

Reports
Innovation and creative endeavors are indispensable elements that drive economic growth and sustain the competitive edge of the U.S. economy. The last century recorded unprecedented improvements in the health, economic well-being and overall quality of life for the entire U.S. population.1 As the world leader in innovation, U.S. companies have relied on intellectual property (IP) as one of the...

ICT-Enabled Services Trade in the European Union

Reports
In the past, as with goods, the provision of a service either required the physical delivery of information via traditional shipping options or required travel by the purchaser or provider. Now, businesses and consumers are increasingly using the internet to purchase services. While most commodities must still be physically delivered, there are a number of services that can be delivered almost...

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Update to 2013 Report

Reports
The United States remains an attractive destination for foreign direct investment (FDI) for a variety of reasons, including a large consumer base, a productive workforce, a highly innovative environment and legal protections. As a result, foreign firms make investments in the United States on a regular basis by establishing new operations, purchasing existing operations of another company or...

Digital Matching Firms: A New Definition in the “Sharing Economy” Space

Reports
Increasingly, consumers and independent service providers are engaging in transactions facilitated by an internet-based platform. The digital firms that provide the platforms are often collectively referred to as belonging to the "sharing" or "collaborative" economies, among other descriptors. However, in this paper, we narrow the focus and propose a definition of "digital matching firms" that...

What is Made In America?

Reports
Ninth in a Series of Manufacturing Profiles: What is Made in America? These profiles are a follow-up to the ESA report "What is Made in America?" which estimates the dollar value and domestic-production percentage of what America produces. Made In America: Primary Metal Products In 2013, shipments from the U.S. manufacturing sector totaled $5.8 trillion. How much of these shipments do we make in...

The Pay Premium for Manufacturing Workers as Measured by Federal Statistics

Reports
Historically, manufacturing jobs have offered relatively high pay. However, there is not a consensus on the size of the pay premium for manufacturing jobs relative to the economy as a whole or even whether a premium continues to exist. This report turns to evidence to answer those questions, using ten federal datasets – each of which allows us to calculate and compare the average pay of...

Taking the High Road: New Data Show Higher Wages May Increase Productivity, Among Other Benefits

Reports
There is a wealth of evidence that manufacturing jobs are good jobs. But not all manufacturing jobs are created equal. Published data highlight the considerable variation in pay and productivity across manufacturing industries. For example, workers in the computer and electronic product manufacturing industry earn an average of $34 per hour (as of May 2015), while those in apparel manufacturing...

Temporary Help Workers in the U.S. Labor Market

Reports
The number of jobs in the temporary help services industry reached an all-time high of 2.9 million in May 2015, accounting for 2.4 percent of all private sector jobs in the U.S. economy. This short report looks at the latest official U.S. government statistics on the temporary help services industry and its workforce to provide an overview of its role in the labor market and the U.S. economy. The...