U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure websites use HTTPS
A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


  1. Home


The Competitiveness and Innovative Capacity of the United States

On January 4, 2011, President Barack Obama signed into law the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (COMPETES). Section 604 of COMPETES mandates that the Secretary of Commerce complete a study that addresses the economic competitiveness and innovative capacity of the United States. Congress directed that this report address a diverse array of topics and policy options, including tax policy...

Exploring the Digital Nation - Computer and Internet Use at Home

This report updates and expands last year’s report, Exploring the Digital Nation: Home Broadband Internet Adoption in the United States, based on data from the Census Bureau’s most recent Current Population Survey (CPS) School Enrollment and Internet Use Supplement. The report also provides additional information augmenting the February 2011 research preview, Digital Nation: Expanding Internet...

Education Supports Racial and Ethnic Equality in STEM

Science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) workers are essential to American innovation and competitiveness in an increasingly dynamic and global marketplace. In this third report, we examine demographic disparities in STEM education and find that educational attainment may affect equality of opportunity in these critical, high-quality jobs of the future. This report follows an analysis of...

Oil Heat Price Analysis 2011

Pursuant to the requirements of the National Oilheat Research Alliance Act of 2000 (NOHRAA), the Department of Commerce (Department) analyzed changes in oil heat prices relative to other energy sources. The report presents the relevant price data and concludes that oilheat prices did not exceed the threshold established by the Act.

Women in STEM: A Gender Gap to Innovation

Our science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) workforce is crucial to America’s innovative capacity and global competitiveness. Yet women are vastly underrepresented in STEM jobs and among STEM degree holders despite making up nearly half of the U.S. workforce and half of the college-educated workforce. That leaves an untapped opportunity to expand STEM employment in the United States, even...

STEM: Good Jobs Now and For the Future

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workers drive our nation’s innovation and competitiveness by generating new ideas, new companies and new industries. However, U.S. businesses frequently voice concerns over the supply and availability of STEM workers. Over the past 10 years, growth in STEM jobs was three times as fast as growth in non-STEM jobs. STEM workers are also less...

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States

When foreign companies invest in U.S. businesses, known as foreign direct investment (FDI), it not only provides jobs but relatively high-paying jobs – indeed, up to 30% higher-paying. Encouraging more FDI and expanding the number of countries that invest in the United States would potentially lead to more economic growth and create even more new, high-paying U.S. jobs. During the last ten years...

U.S. Trade in Private Services

U.S. exports of private services exceed a half trillion dollars and account for nearly one-third of all U.S. exports of goods and services. Growth in exports of services has outpaced the rise in imports. The U.S. trade surplus in services rose to a total of $168.0 billion in 2010. The surplus has grown quickly since 2003, rising to $101.2 billion. Financial and business services contribute the...