The following is a cross-post from the U.S. Census Bureau's Facts for Features
The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. The event culminated an effort by Red Fox James, a member of the Blackfeet Nation who rode across the nation on horseback seeking approval from 24 state governments to have a day to honor American Indians. More than seven decades later, then-President George H.W. Bush in 1990 signed a joint congressional resolution designating the month of November “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994 to recognize what is now called "American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month." This Facts for Features presents statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives, one of the six major race categories defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.
The following facts are possible thanks to responses to the U.S. Census Bureau’s surveys. We appreciate the public’s cooperation as we continuously measure America’s people, places and economy.
Did You Know?
The nation's American Indian and Alaska Native population alone or in combination with other race groups in 2019.
The projected American Indian and Alaska Native population alone or in combination with other race groups on July 1, 2060. They would constitute 2.5% of the total population.
The number of distinct federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2019, including federal reservations and off-reservation trust land.
The number of federally recognized Indian tribes in 2020.
The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces in 2019.
For more information, please visit the U.S. Census Bureau's fact sheet on Native American Heritage Day: November 27, 2020 or Facts for Features: American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2020.