Federal government datasets and data applications

  • U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) (Provides detailed economic, demographic, housing, social data for communities.)
  • U.S. Census Bureau’s Foreign Trade Data (Provides detailed export and import statistics.)
  • (Government hub of a host of different types of data and datasets from agriculture to ecosystems to oceans.)
  • EPA’s Enviro-Atlas (A resource hub for EcoINFORMA, a White House Initiative to expand public access to ecosystem-related data and tools.)
  • EPA’s Green Infrastructure site (Provides modeling tools to support planning and design decisions on green infrastructure with outputs including runoff volume, runoff rate, pollutant loading and cost. Also provides resources on design manuals, operation and maintenance of green infrastructure as well as funding opportunities.)
  • NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (Provides many different types of data including information on U.S. and global climate and details on droughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, as well as information on ocean-related environmental, marine, and economic data with interactive mapping.)
  • NOAA’s Economics National Ocean Watch (Provides time-series data on the ocean and Great Lakes economy at the county, state, region and national level.)
  • NOAA’s Great Lakes Monthly Hydrologic Data (Hydrologic data-over-lake precipitation, runoff, lake evaporation, net basin supplies, connecting channel flows, diversion flows, beginning-of-the-month lake levels, and changes in storage for the Great Lakes.)
  • NOAA’s Great Lakes Water Levels (Provides Great Lakes data including meteorological data, webcams, water levels, ice cover, and hydrologic data.)
  • NOAA’s Digital Coast (Provides a host of coastal related datasets and tools on land cover, elevation, water quality, hazards and climate, climate adaptation, marine habitat.)
  • NOAA’s-Green Infrastructure site (Provides tools for coastal flood exposure mapping, coastal resilience, and coastal country snapshots and resources for training on key green infrastructure concepts and practices, green infrastructure mapping, coastal restoration design and evaluation.)

Other Federal Government Resources

  • EPA’s – Green Infrastructure site (Green infrastructure definition)
  • EPA (2013), Final Ecosystem Goods and Services Classification System (FEGS-CS) (A comprehensive and standardized classification system for ecosystem goods and services to be used by people, communities, and businesses to measure, map, model and value ecosystem services)
  • EPA, Polluted Runoff: Nonpoint Source Pollution: Agriculture
  • The Ecosystem Services Assessment: Research Needs for Coastal Green Infrastructure (Provides key information needed by federal planners and decision makers to advance the broad integration of coastal green infrastructure; and identifies priority research topics related to the use of coastal green infrastructure to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience to climate-related threats in coastal areas.)
  • NOAA, Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing

Resources and portals from external organizations

  • Business for Social Responsibility Private Sector Engagement with Ecosystem Services (Review of 47 company activities related to natural capital, biodiversity, and ecosystem services)
  • CDP
    • CDP Global Water Report (Results of asking over 1000 global, publicly listed companies deemed dependent on water, questions on water risks.)
    • CDP Water Disclosure (Information on the risk exposure and management of that exposure in the supply chain.)
  • The Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (Provides a classification of ecosystem services and a tool to navigate between some of the other classification system.)
  • Cornell University, Adapt-N (A tool for adaptive nitrogen management in corn.)
  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB, Provides a classification system for ecosystem services.)
  • GreenBiz Group and Trucost, (2015) State of Green Business 2015. (Provides assessment of environmental performance of businesses including performance on greenhouse gas and emissions, air pollutants, water use, and solid waste production and how much this performance makes a difference.)
  • Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Services Valuation Database (This is a matrix, by ecosystem services and ecosystem type, of valuation studies relevant for the Gulf of Mexico.)
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (Includes an assessment of the effects of ecosystem change, conducted under the auspices of the United Nations, with representatives from international institutions, governments, NGOs, and indigenous peoples.) and
  • Natural Capital Hub (Showcases private sector led case studies to safeguard natural capital. Case studies can be searched by industry, by geography, by benefit, by approach, or by ecosystem.)
  • The Natural Capital Project (Presents the InVEST software, an integrated valuation of ecosystem services and tradeoffs that is used to map and value the goods and services that come from terrestrial, freshwater, marine and coastal ecosystems. Other tools are available including a marine planning website, online courses and a forum to connect natural capital modelers, engineers and the user-community.)
  • Natural Capital Protocol (This is a framework that businesses can use to assess their interaction with natural capital. Through consultation with businesses, this protocol will also help in the development of standard principles for valuing nature capital and accounting.)
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • Coastal Resilience Mapping Portal (A tool that allows communities to assess their vulnerability to rises in sea levels and storm surges and to identify ways in which natural solutions can be used to reduce these risks.)
  • Wealth Accounting and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services (This provides a knowledge center for information on incorporating natural resources into development planning and national economic accounts.)
  • World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) (Includes a number of tools, methodologies, principles, case studies and publications related to sustainability and ecosystem impacts and dependence.  Output of available products are developed and tested amongst WBCSD member companies.)
  • Corporate Ecosystem Valuation
    • WBCSD, 2011 Guide to Corporate Ecosystem Valuation.
    • WBCSD, 2009. Corporate Ecosystem Valuation
  • WBCSD with Meridian Institute and World Resources InstituteCorporate Ecosystem Services Review: Guidelines for Identifying Business Risks and Opportunities Arising from Ecosystem Change (Guide for identifying and managing risks and opportunities related to natural capital.)
  • Natural Infrastructure for Business Platform (WBCSD and CH2M, with support from TNC) (Provides the business case for investing in green infrastructure and includes case studies and decision-making tools.)

Academic Articles/Books

Other References

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The U.S. Department of Commerce created and unveiled a natural capital website to provide resources and information to businesses seeking to incorporate natural capital into their planning and operations. Natural capital refers to the Earth’s stock of natural resources – air, water, soil, and living resources – that provide a range of goods and services on which the global economy depends.

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